Personality Development in Counselling

In counselling, one of the most important things that you can do is help your clients develop their personality. This can be done in a number of ways, but it is often through helping them to understand themselves better and providing them with tools to manage their emotions. One of the best ways to help your clients develop their personality is to encourage them to journal. This can be a great way for them to explore their thoughts and feelings, and it can also help them to see how their thoughts and emotions change over time. If you are looking for personality development tips, then read on to find out more about how journaling can help your clients.

The different types of personality development.

Personality development is a process that takes place throughout our lives. It is influenced by our genes, family, friends, experiences and environment. Our personalities are constantly changing and evolving as we grow and learn.

There are many different theories of personality development. Some believe that our personalities are determined by our genes and early childhood experiences. Others believe that we continue to develop and change throughout our lives in response to our environment and the people around us.

Most personality theorists agree that there are certain stages of development that we all go through as we mature. These stages are often referred to as the “Five Factor Model” or the “Big Five.” They include:

1. Openness to Experience: This dimension refers to how open we are to new ideas, experiences and ways of thinking. People who score high on this dimension tend to be curious, imaginative and creative. Those who score low may be more resistant to change and prefer familiar things.

2. Conscientiousness: This dimension refers to how much self-control we have, how organized and disciplined we are, and how goal-oriented we are. People who score high on conscientiousness tend to be reliable, hardworking and successful. Those who score low may be more impulsive and less likely to stick with things.

3. Extraversion: This dimension refers to how outgoing, sociable and energetic we are. People who score high on extraversion tend to be outgoing, talkative and enjoy being  around others. Those who score low may be more introverted, shy and reserved.

4. Agreeableness: This dimension refers to how kind, cooperative and warm we are. People who score high on agreeableness tend to be compassionate, generous and trusting. Those who score low may be more selfish, rude and sarcastic.

5. Neuroticism: This dimension refers to how easily we get upset, how anxious and depressed we feel, and how well we cope with stress. People who score high on neuroticism tend to be more sensitive, emotional and prone to anxiety and depression. Those who score low may be more stable, even-tempered and resilient.

Theories of personality development.

Personality development theories attempt to explain how and why people change and grow as they mature. Theories of personality development are important in counselling because they provide a framework for understanding clients’ behaviour and can guide counsellors in their work with clients.

One of the most influential theories of personality development is Freud’s psychosexual theory, which posits that human beings develop through a series of stages, each characterized by a different focus of pleasure-seeking. According to Freud, the first stage, known as the oral stage, occurs during infancy, when the mouth is the primary source of pleasure. The second stage, known as the anal stage, occurs during childhood, when the focus of pleasure shifts to the anus and bowel movements. The third stage, known as the phallic stage, occurs during adolescence, when sexual pleasure becomes the primary focus. The fourth and final stage, known as the genital stage, occurs in adulthood, when mature sexual relationships become the primary source of satisfaction.

Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is another important theory of personality development. Erikson believed that human beings develop through a series of eight stages, each characterized by a different psychosocial crisis. The first stage is trust vs. mistrust, which occurs during infancy; at this stage, infants must learn to trust their caregivers in order to feel secure in the world. The second stage is autonomy vs shame and doubt; at this stage, toddlers must learn to assert their independence while also developing

The role of counselling in personality development.

Counselling can help individuals to understand more about their personality and how it affects their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours. It can also assist them in exploring different aspects of their personality and how they can change or develop them. Through counselling, individuals can learn how to manage their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours in healthier ways.

The benefits of personality development.

There are many benefits to developing your personality. By increasing your self-awareness, you can become more attuned to your own needs and emotions, as well as those of others. This can lead to improved communication and relationships. By understanding your personality type, you can also learn how to better cope with stressors and difficult situations. Ultimately, developing your personality can help you lead a more fulfilling and satisfying life.

How to develop a healthy personality.

When it comes to personality development, there are many different approaches that counselors can take. However, one of the most important things to keep in mind is that every person is different. Therefore, what works for one person may not work for another. With that said, here are five tips on how to develop a healthy personality:

1. Be self-aware

The first step to developing a healthy personality is to become self-aware. This means being aware of your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It’s also important to be aware of how your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors affect others. Paying attention to these things will help you understand yourself better and make better choices in life.

2. Build positive relationships

Another key to developing a healthy personality is building positive relationships with others. This includes family, friends, co-workers, and anyone else you interact with on a regular basis. When you have positive relationships with others, you feel good about yourself and your ability to interact with the world around you. Additionally, these relationships can provide support during difficult times.

3. Be assertive

Assertiveness is another important component of a healthy personality. This means being able to express your needs and wants in an appropriate way while also respecting the needs and wants of others. When you’re assertive, you’re more likely to get what you want out of life without causing conflict or hurting those around you.

4. Handle stress in a healthy way

Stress is a part of life, but it’s important to learn how to handle it in a healthy way. This means finding healthy coping mechanisms, such as exercise, journaling, or spending time with friends and family. When you know how to deal with stress in a healthy way, you’re less likely to let it have a negative impact on your life.

5. Seek professional help

If you’re struggling to develop a healthy personality on your own, seek professional help. A counselor or therapist can provide guidance and support as you work on making positive changes in your life.


In conclusion, it is clear that personality development in counselling is a complex and multi-faceted process. There are many different factors that can influence the development of a person’s personality, and it is important to consider all of these factors when working with clients. By understanding the different theories and approaches to personality development, counsellors can more effectively help their clients reach their full potential.

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